A macular hole is a retinal disease that occurs in the most sensitive part of the retina. This disorder can develop as part of the natural aging process as the vitreous shrinks and pulls on its membrane, tearing a hole in the macula. A macular hole may also be caused by:
- Eye trauma
- Retinal detachment
- Diabetic eye disease
- Best's disease
- Macular pucker
- Extreme myopia
- Extreme inflammation of ocular tissue
The symptoms of a macular hole are generally limited to a sudden decrease in visual clarity and the formation of a dark spot at the center of the field of vision. This will usually occur in one eye only; it is exceedingly rare to develop macular holes in both eyes that manifest at the same time. Although this is not considered a medical emergency, an appointment with your doctor is highly suggested should you experience any significant visual symptoms.
Macular holes can be treated with an out patient surgical procedure that we perform at our state of the art Marion Eye Surgery Center. This surgery has a 99% success rate of treating the macular hole. Inquire about this surgical option to avoid traveling out of state for retinal surgery.